Which of the Following Is Not a Basic Limitation on Agency Power?

In evaluating the various constraints on agency power, it becomes evident that confiscatory actions don’t fall under the category of basic limitations. While regulatory agencies are delegated authority to enforce rules and regulations, they’re expected to operate within certain boundaries. These boundaries typically include the principles of separation of powers, statutory authority, and procedural requirements. However, confiscatory actions—defined as the act of forcefully seizing property or assets without compensation—are not considered a foundational limitation on agency power. Rather, they’re deemed as extreme and unconstitutional exercises of authority, undermining the fundamental rights of individuals and businesses. Consequently, the correct answer is option A, confiscatory actions, as they stand outside the basic limitations on agency power.

What Is the Power of Federal Agencies Limited By?

Federal agencies are an integral part of the American government, tasked with the responsibility of implementing and enforcing laws and regulations that affect various aspects of society. However, these agencies aren’t without their limitations. The power of federal agencies is primarily limited by the authority delegated to them by Congress. This means that agencies can only act within the parameters set forth by Congress and can’t exceed their granted authority.

The case of Bowen v. Georgetown University Hospital in 1988 emphasized this limitation. The Supreme Court held that an agencys power to issue legislative regulations is constrained to the authority explicitly provided by Congress. In other words, agencies can’t create regulations that extend beyond the scope of the laws passed by Congress. This decision serves as a reminder that federal agencies must operate within the confines of their delegated authority.

The division of powers between the federal government and the states, as outlined in the Constitution, ensures that agencies can’t encroach upon areas reserved for the states. This principle of federalism ensures a balance of power and prevents the federal government from overstepping it’s authority.

Furthermore, federal agencies are subject to checks and balances. This means that their actions can be reviewed and challenged by the judiciary, ensuring that agencies don’t abuse their power or act beyond their delegated authority. The courts play a crucial role in interpreting and applying the law, and they provide a mechanism for holding federal agencies accountable.

Public scrutiny and accountability also serve as safeguards against the excessive exercise of power by federal agencies. Public opinion, media scrutiny, and congressional oversight all contribute to keeping agencies in check. By subjecting agencies to scrutiny and oversight, the public and their elected representatives help ensure that agencies operate within their designated authority and serve the best interests of the American people.

These limitations are in place to safeguard against the abuse of power and ensure that agencies remain accountable to the people. By operating within these boundaries, federal agencies can fulfill their intended role while upholding democratic principles and safeguarding individual rights.

Additionally, agencies often have the power to issue licenses, permits, and regulations, and may also have the authority to enforce penalties or fines for non-compliance. These powers grant agencies significant control and influence over various industries and sectors, allowing them to ensure regulatory compliance and protect the public interest.

What Are the Powers of the Agencies?

Agencies possess a wide range of powers that enable them to effectively carry out their designated roles and responsibilities. One of the key powers an agency possesses is executive power. This allows the agency to create and enforce rules and regulations. By setting these standards, agencies ensure businesses and individuals comply with the laws and adhere to specific guidelines, promoting public safety and well-being.

Furthermore, agencies are vested with judicial powers, allowing them to investigate and prosecute violations of regulations. They’ve the prerogative to conduct thorough investigations, gather evidence, and bring charges against businesses or individuals that are found to be in breach of the rules. In cases where violations are identified, agencies can impose penalties, fines, or other appropriate sanctions to deter non-compliance and promote accountability.

Additionally, agencies have the authority to hold administrative hearings, ensuring a fair and impartial adjudication process for alleged violations. These hearings provide an opportunity for parties involved to present their arguments, present evidence, and respond to any charges or allegations. This judicial component helps maintain transparency and due process within the agencys regulatory framework.

Legislative Powers: Agencies Often Have the Authority to Propose and Draft Legislation Related to Their Respective Fields. This Allows Them to Influence the Development of New Laws and Regulations, Ensuring Their Expertise and Perspectives Are Considered.

  • Agencies often have the authority to propose and draft legislation related to their respective fields. This allows them to influence the development of new laws and regulations, ensuring their expertise and perspectives are considered.

Source: 5.1 Administrative Agencies: Their Structure and Powers

Administrative agencies derive their power from Congress through an enabling act or specific legislative grants of power. These acts grant agencies the authority to exercise their powers, such as rulemaking and decision-making, which form the core of administrative law.

Who Gives Administrative Agencies Power?

The power granted to administrative agencies is derived from Congress through an enabling act or an organic act. These acts serve as the foundation for an agencys authority and outline it’s specific powers and responsibilities. Congress has the constitutional authority to create and delegate powers to these agencies, and it does so to enable the effective implementation and enforcement of laws.

Enabling acts empower administrative agencies to make rules and regulations that have the force of law. These agencies have the authority to develop policies, establish procedures, and issue rulings within their designated areas of jurisdiction. The purpose of granting this power is to allow agencies to address complex issues and develop specialized expertise in their respective fields.

Administrative law governs the exercise of these powers by administrative agencies. It establishes the framework for agencies to operate within the bounds of their authority and ensures accountability, transparency, and due process. This body of law governs the procedures agencies must follow when creating rules and making decisions, as well as the rights and responsibilities of individuals affected by agency actions.

These acts provide the legal framework for agencies to create rules, make decisions, and carry out their duties.

The executive branch of government holds a range of delegated powers that grant authority and responsibility to the president. These powers can be broadly categorized into three types: enumerated powers, implied powers, and inherent powers. Each type specifies different areas in which the executive has the ability to act, enabling the president to effectively carry out their duties and uphold the principles of the Constitution. Let’s delve into each of these powers to gain a better understanding of their significance and implications.

What Are Three Powers Delegated to the Executive?

The executive branch of a government is vested with certain delegated powers that enable it to perform it’s functions effectively. These powers can be broadly classified into three categories: enumerated powers, implied powers, and inherent powers.

Enumerated powers, also referred to as expressed powers, are those specifically listed or granted to the executive branch in the constitution or other legislation. These powers provide the legal authority for the executive to carry out specific duties. These powers aren’t open to interpretation and provide a clear framework for the executives actions.

Implied powers, on the other hand, aren’t explicitly stated in the constitution or legislation but are inferred based on the enumerated powers. They’re necessary for the executive to effectively execute it’s duties as outlined in the constitution. For instance, the power to create and enforce regulations to carry out laws is an implied power derived from the need to effectively implement legislation.

Inherent powers, also known as residual powers, are those powers inherent to the executive branch by virtue of being the governing body of a nation or state. These powers aren’t explicitly granted or derived from the constitution but are considered a necessary part of governing and maintaining sovereignty. Inherent powers allow the executive to act in times of crisis or emergency, make decisions related to national security, and conduct foreign relations. They’re often based on long-standing customary practices and are informally exercised by the executive.

By delegating these powers to the executive branch, a system of checks and balances is established, ensuring that no one branch of government becomes too powerful. The enumerated, implied, and inherent powers of the executive provide a framework for effective governance, allowing the executive branch to carry out it’s functions while remaining accountable to the constitution and the public. These powers play a crucial role in shaping the policies and actions of the executive, enabling it to implement and enforce laws, protect national interests, and fulfill it’s responsibilities to the state and it’s citizens.

Examples of Enumerated Powers of the Executive Branch: This Topic Could Include Specific Examples of Powers Granted to the Executive Branch in Different Countries’ Constitutions or Legislation, Such as the Power to Veto Legislation, the Power to Appoint and Dismiss Government Officials, or the Power to Negotiate Treaties.

Enumerated powers of the executive branch refer to specific powers that are explicitly granted to the executive branch of a government in it’s constitution or legislation. These powers can vary from country to country, but typically include key responsibilities. For example, in some countries, the executive branch may have the power to veto legislation, which allows the head of state or government to reject proposed laws. Another example is the power to appoint and dismiss government officials, where the executive branch has the authority to select individuals for various positions within the government and remove them if necessary. Additionally, the executive branch may possess the power to negotiate treaties, representing the country’s interests in international diplomacy and agreements. Therefore, enumerated powers of the executive branch encompass a range of specific authorities bestowed upon the executive branch to carry out it’s roles and functions effectively.


In analyzing the limitations on agency power, it becomes evident that there are various factors that curb the extent of authority bestowed upon them. Option A, confiscatory, stands out as the correct answer in this context. Instead, they can be viewed as a specific outcome of particular circumstances, such as extreme cases of public interest or justified legal proceedings.

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