How Many Sources Do You Need for a History Extended Essay?

The process of completing a history extended essay requires thorough research and analysis of various sources to ensure the development of a well-supported and comprehensive argument. At the initial stages, students are expected to submit an annotated bibliography evaluating five sources that are directly relevant to their chosen topic. This critical evaluation allows students to assess the credibility and reliability of the sources, ensuring that they provide accurate and diverse perspectives. By requiring a minimum of five sources, the Extended Essay encourages students to explore multiple viewpoints, consider a range of evidence, and develop a nuanced understanding of the historical context in order to produce a well-rounded and academically sound essay.

What Is the History Extended Essay?

The History Extended Essay is a unique opportunity for students to delve into an area of history that they find intriguing and relevant. This assignment allows students to conduct extensive research and analysis on a topic of their choice, providing them with the chance to explore a particular aspect of history in great depth. The research question chosen by the student must be of local, regional, or global significance, showcasing the importance of the topic in relation to past events or historical trends.

One of the key aspects of the History Extended Essay is the requirement for structured writing. Students must develop a clear and logical essay that effectively addresses their research question. This includes organizing their thoughts and findings in a coherent manner, presenting arguments and evidence to support their claims, and critically analyzing the information they’ve gathered. The essay must demonstrate a high level of academic writing skills, including the use of appropriate historical terminology, accurate citations and referencing, and a clear and concise writing style.

To successfully complete the History Extended Essay, students must engage in extensive research. This involves gathering and analyzing a variety of primary and secondary sources, such as historical documents, scholarly articles, and interviews. The research process requires students to critically evaluate the credibility and reliability of these sources, ensuring that the information they use is accurate and relevant to their research question. This process of research and analysis is integral to the development of a well-rounded and comprehensive essay.

Students are encouraged to consider multiple perspectives and interpretations of historical events, thus demonstrating their ability to evaluate and assess differing opinions. This critical thinking component is crucial in developing a well-rounded argument and presenting a balanced and nuanced understanding of the topic.

It provides students with the opportunity to explore a topic of their choice in depth, showcasing their passion and enthusiasm for history. By completing this assignment, students develop important skills in research, analysis, and critical thinking that will benefit them in their future academic and professional endeavors.

How to Effectively Use Primary and Secondary Sources in the Research Process

  • Understand the difference between primary and secondary sources
  • Identify and locate relevant primary sources related to your research topic
  • Evaluate the credibility and reliability of primary sources
  • Analyze primary sources to extract useful information and data
  • Use secondary sources to gain a broader understanding of your research topic
  • Find reputable secondary sources such as scholarly articles, books, or review papers
  • Critically examine secondary sources to assess their relevance and quality
  • Compare and contrast information from primary and secondary sources to strengthen your research
  • Referencing and citing both primary and secondary sources in your research paper or project
  • Acknowledging the contributions of primary and secondary sources to your research process

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When writing an extended essay in history, there are several tips to keep in mind. Firstly, it’s important to choose an interesting and unique topic that allows for in-depth analysis. Secondly, make sure to use a broad range of sources during the research process to ensure a comprehensive exploration of the subject. Thirdly, develop a clear thesis statement that will guide the essay. Additionally, focus on the structure of the essay to ensure a logical and coherent flow of ideas. Finally, address multiple perspectives and consider different interpretations of historical events or phenomena.

How Do You Write an Extended Essay in History?

Writing an extended essay in history requires careful planning and research. The first step is to choose an interesting and unique topic that grabs the readers attention. This could be an overlooked event, an under-explored aspect of a historical figures life, or a comparison between different historical periods or cultures.

Once you’ve your topic, it’s essential to use a broad range of sources to gather information and evidence. This includes primary sources such as letters, diaries, and newspapers, as well as secondary sources like books, articles, and journals. The more diverse your sources, the more balanced and accurate your essay will be.

Having a clear and concise thesis statement is crucial in history essays. This statement should present your main argument or interpretation of the topic. It should be specific, debatable, and supported by evidence. This will provide a clear focus for your essay and help you organize your research and writing.

When structuring your essay, it’s important to have a logical flow of ideas. Start with an introduction that provides context and sets the stage for your argument. The body paragraphs should present evidence and analysis, each focusing on a specific aspect or angle of your topic. Finally, the conclusion should summarize your main points and restate your thesis, while also leaving the reader with some final thoughts or questions.

Start early, make a detailed plan, and set aside regular time for research and writing. Seek feedback from your supervisor or teacher throughout the process to ensure that youre on the right track.

How to Properly Cite and Reference Sources in a History Extended Essay.

  • Use footnotes or endnotes to cite sources.
  • Include a bibliography at the end of your essay.
  • Follow a consistent citation style, such as MLA or Chicago.
  • Include all necessary information for each source, such as author, title, publication date, etc.
  • Use quotation marks or indentation for direct quotes.
  • Paraphrase or summarize information from sources, and still provide a citation.
  • Avoid plagiarism by properly attributing ideas and information to their original sources.
  • Double-check your citations and references for accuracy and completeness.

Source: Tips for writing an EE in History – IBlieve

As part of the Extended Essay process, students are often required to compile an annotated bibliography that summarizes and evaluates five sources. This annotated bibliography plays a crucial role in guiding students towards relevant and reliable information for their research. By critically analyzing the sources and providing brief summaries, students are able to demonstrate their understanding of the material and it’s relevance to their research question. Therefore, the inclusion of an annotated bibliography proves to be an invaluable tool in the successful completion of the Extended Essay.

Does the Extended Essay Need an Annotated Bibliography?

The question of whether the extended essay needs an annotated bibliography is one that often arises during the early stages of the process. An annotated bibliography is a list of sources with a brief description or evaluation of each source. It serves as a tool to help researchers organize and document the sources they’ve consulted for their research.

While the IB doesn’t explicitly require an annotated bibliography for the extended essay, it’s highly recommended by teachers and examiners.

By summarizing and evaluating each source in the annotated bibliography, students can demonstrate their understanding of the material and it’s significance to their research. This not only helps clarify their thinking but also helps examiners assess the quality of the research.

It can help organize and document the sources used, demonstrate the students understanding of the material, and provide evidence of extensive research.

The Benefits of Using an Annotated Bibliography in an Extended Essay: This Topic Could Explore the Specific Advantages That an Annotated Bibliography Provides, Such as Helping Students Organize and Document Their Sources, Demonstrating Their Understanding of the Material, and Providing Evidence of Extensive Research.

  • Helps students organize and document their sources
  • Demonstrates understanding of the material
  • Provides evidence of extensive research

When beginning an introduction to a history essay, it’s essential to provide some background information that sets the stage for your topic. By establishing a general overview of the historical context, you can effectively introduce your hypothesis with clarity.

How Do You Start an Introduction for History?

The introduction to a history essay should effectively set the stage for the discussion that will follow. To accomplish this, it’s crucial to begin with background sentences that provide a general overview of the historical topic that will be discussed in the essay. These sentences serve to give the reader an understanding of the context and significance of the topic, laying the foundation for a more specific and focused argument to be made.

The first few sentences of the introduction should aim to capture the readers attention and interest in the topic. This can be accomplished by providing a compelling anecdote, a thought-provoking quote, or a surprising statistic related to the historical events that will be discussed in the essay. By presenting these attention-grabbing details at the start of the essay, the writer can captivate the reader and encourage them to continue reading.

In addition to providing background information, the introduction should also establish the specific point or argument that will be made in the essay. This can be done by presenting a clear and concise thesis statement that outlines the main claim or argument that the essay will seek to prove or support. By stating the thesis at the end of the introduction, the writer can effectively transition from the general background information to the more specific discussion that will follow in the body of the essay.

When writing an annotated bibliography for your extended essay, there are several requirements that you need to keep in mind. First, you must include at least 5 scholarly sources. Each source should have an annotation that’s 4 to 6 sentences long, totaling approximately 100 to 150 words. Additionally, you need to choose a citation style with your supervisor’s approval and use it consistently throughout your bibliography.

How Do You Write an Annotated Bibliography for an Extended Essay?

When writing an annotated bibliography for an extended essay, it’s important to follow certain requirements. First and foremost, you should have a minimum of five scholarly sources for your annotated bibliography. These sources should be relevant to your research topic and provide valuable information that supports your arguments and claims.

Each annotation in your bibliography should be around four to six sentences long. This length allows you to effectively summarize the main points of the source and provide a brief evaluation of it’s credibility and usefulness. Aim for around 100 to 150 words per source, ensuring that you provide enough information for readers to understand the sources relevance to your research.

Citation style is a crucial aspect of your annotated bibliography. Before proceeding, make sure to discuss and gain approval for a specific citation style with your supervisor. This will ensure consistency throughout your essay. Whether using APA, MLA, or another citation style, be consistent in formatting and adherence to the chosen styles guidelines.

When writing each annotation, it’s important to provide a complete citation for each source, including the authors name, title of the article or book, publication date, and other relevant publication information. This citation provides critical information for readers to locate the source and verify your research.

In addition to the citation, each annotation should provide a summary of the sources main points. This summary should highlight the key findings, arguments, or theories presented in the source, giving readers an overview of the sources content.

Finally, don’t forget to include a brief evaluation of each source. This evaluation should assess the credibility, reliability, and relevance of the source to your research. Consider the authors credentials, the sources publication venue, and any biases that may be present.

How to Choose the Most Relevant and Reliable Sources for an Annotated Bibliography

When selecting sources for an annotated bibliography, it’s important to consider their relevancy and reliability. To do this, start by identifying reputable publishers, journals, or organizations in the specific field. Look for sources that have been peer-reviewed, meaning they’ve been scrutinized by experts in the field. Additionally, consider the date of publication and prioritize more recent sources to ensure the information is up-to-date. Check if the author has relevant credentials or expertise in the subject area. Lastly, analyze the content of the source itself, looking for evidence-based research, clear methodologies, and unbiased perspectives. By following these steps, you can choose the most suitable sources for your annotated bibliography.

The number of sources you cite in your paper depends on the purpose of your work. For most papers, cite one or two of the most representative sources for each key point. Literature review papers, however, typically include a more exhaustive list of references.

How Many Sources Should Be Cited?

The number of sources you should cite in a paper can vary depending on the purpose of your work. In general, it’s important to cite one or two of the most representative sources for each key point you make. This allows readers to understand the basis for your arguments and provides them with the opportunity to explore the topic further through the cited sources.

For more in-depth papers, such as literature review papers, it’s often necessary to include a more exhaustive list of references. Since these types of papers aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the existing literature on a particular topic, a larger number of sources are typically cited. This helps to establish the credibility of your review and demonstrates that you’ve thoroughly examined the existing scholarship.

If you’re conducting a groundbreaking study or making a new theoretical contribution, it may be necessary to include a larger number of references to situate your work within the existing scholarly conversation. On the other hand, if you’re working on a smaller-scale project or presenting a preliminary analysis, fewer sources may be sufficient to support your claims.

It’s important to strike a balance between providing the necessary evidence and avoiding an overwhelming number of citations. By carefully selecting and citing the most representative sources, you can ensure that your work is well-supported and contributes to the existing body of knowledge on your topic.


In conclusion, the number of sources required for a history extended essay is subjective and varies depending on the topic, research question, and scope of the essay. However, it’s generally recommended that students gather a range of primary and secondary sources to provide a comprehensive and well-rounded analysis. This exercise not only helps in familiarizing oneself with the available literature but also promotes critical thinking and research skills. It’s crucial to remember that the quality and relevance of the sources are more important than the sheer number, as a few high-quality sources can be more valuable than a large quantity of irrelevant or unreliable ones. Therefore, aspiring historians should prioritize depth, accuracy, and diversity in their sources to ensure a strong and well-supported extended essay.

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