Geography EE Research Questions: Where to Start and What to Ask

Geography, as one of the fundamental disciplines in understanding the complexities of our world, offers a broad array of research questions that delve into the intricate interplay of natural and human phenomena. For those embarking on an Extended Essay (EE) in geography, a captivating research question is paramount to driving an engaging and insightful exploration. From investigating the impact of climate change on coastal landscapes to analyzing the socio-economic factors influencing urbanization patterns, the potential research questions in geography are as diverse as the world itself. By carefully selecting an intriguing and significant research question, aspiring geographers can unravel new perspectives, seek innovative solutions, and contribute to expanding knowledge in this dynamic and ever-evolving field.

How Do You Write a Geography Extended Essay?

Writing a geography extended essay requires careful planning and organization. To begin, choose a research question that aligns with your interests and aligns with the subjects objectives. Once you’ve a research question, conduct thorough background research to gather relevant information and acquire a deep understanding of the topic.

To ensure your essay is well supported, incorporate appropriate illustrative graphical material throughout. This can include diagrams, maps, tables, images, and graphs. These visuals should be carefully selected to enhance your argument and provide clarity to the reader. It’s crucial to acknowledge the sources for each visual used to maintain academic integrity.

In the introduction of your essay, it’s beneficial to include maps that place the investigation in a clear spatial context. This helps readers visualize the geographical context and understand the significance of your research question. Furthermore, maps can highlight key geographic features, patterns, or relationships that are relevant to your study.

To develop your essay effectively, organize your ideas logically and systematically. Create an outline that establishes the structure and flow of your essay, ensuring that each section supports your research question and thesis statement. Use relevant geographical theories, concepts, and case studies to support your argument and provide depth to your analysis.

Throughout your essay, remember to critically analyze and evaluate your sources, considering their reliability, bias, and relevance to your research question. This will help strengthen your argument and demonstrate a high level of intellectual engagement.

Maps in the introduction can help provide spatial context and enhance reader understanding.

The Role of GIS (Geographic Information Systems) in Geography Extended Essays

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) play a significant role in geography extended essays. GIS allows students to analyze and interpret spatial data, such as maps, satellite imagery, and social media data, to explore geographic patterns and relationships.

By using GIS software, students can integrate diverse data sources, conduct spatial analysis, and visualize their findings in interactive maps and graphs. This technological tool helps students to understand and explain complex geographic phenomena.

GIS enables students to answer research questions related to topics like land use, urban development, environmental conservation, and population dynamics. It provides a framework for conducting spatial analysis, identifying patterns, and making informed conclusions based on the evidence presented.

Overall, GIS enhances the research process in geography extended essays by empowering students with powerful analytical capabilities and enabling them to present their findings in a compelling and visually appealing manner.

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Geography is a diverse field that encompasses various sub-disciplines, each focusing on different aspects of the world we inhabit. These main strands of geography include physical geography, which explores the natural elements shaping our planet, human geography, which delves into the societal and cultural aspects of human interaction, and environmental geography, which examines the intricate relationship between humans and their environment. By studying these different branches, geographers gain a comprehensive understanding of the Earth’s complexity and the challenges we face in preserving it’s resources and ecosystems.

What Are the Main Types of Geography?

There are three primary branches of geography that encompass different aspects of the world we live in. The first is physical geography, which focuses on the natural elements and processes that shape our planet. It delves into the study of landforms, climate, vegetation, and the intricate interactions between them. Physical geographers analyze phenomena such as plate tectonics, erosion, and weather patterns to better comprehend the forces at work on Earth.

The second branch is human geography, which centers around the study of people and their activities. From population distribution to cultural practices, human geographers strive to understand how societies shape and are shaped by the spaces they inhabit. They explore topics such as migration, urbanization, language, and religion, providing insight into the complexities of human interaction and the influence it’s on our environment.

The third branch, environmental geography, examines the intricate relationship between human activities and the Earths ecosystems. It focuses on the impact humans have on the environment, both in terms of the negative consequences of activities such as deforestation and pollution, and the positive efforts of conservation and sustainable development. Environmental geography plays a crucial role in promoting awareness and finding solutions to mitigate the harmful effects of human actions on our planets delicate balance.

Geography encompasses various branches that explore different aspects of the Earth’s landscapes and interactions. While human geography and physical geography serve as the main pillars, other branches like regional geography, cartography, and integrated geography further delve into specific areas of study, providing a comprehensive understanding of our environment from different perspectives.

How Many Topics Are There in Geography?

The field of geography encompasses a broad range of topics and disciplines that explore the complex relationship between humans and their environment. One of the main branches of geography is human geography, which focuses on the study of human activities, cultures, and societies in relation to their spatial distribution. This branch examines various aspects like population distribution, urbanization, migration patterns, and societal issues.

Physical geography, on the other hand, investigates the natural environment and it’s processes. It examines the Earths physical features, such as landforms, climate patterns, ecosystems, and natural disasters. By studying physical geography, researchers gain insight into the interconnections between the Earths physical systems and how they impact human activities.

In addition to human and physical geography, there are other branches that further expand the scope of this discipline. Regional geography, for instance, takes a more localized approach by examining specific regions and their unique characteristics. It analyzes the physical, economic, and cultural aspects of these areas, providing a deeper understanding of regional differences and similarities.

Cartography is another branch of geography that focuses on the art and science of map-making. This field utilizes advanced technology and data visualization techniques to create accurate and informative maps.

Integrated geography, also known as environmental geography, is a branch that explores the interactions between human activities and the natural environment. It examines how human actions impact ecosystems, climate change, natural resource management, and sustainable development.

Overall, geography encompasses a wide range of topics and branches, offering a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to understanding the world around us. By studying and analyzing these various branches, geographers gain crucial insights into the processes, patterns, and interactions that shape our planet.

Source: Geography

When studying the field of geography, scholars often refer to the five themes of geography: location, place, region, movement, and human-environment interaction. These five concepts provide a comprehensive framework for analyzing and understanding our world. Each theme sheds light on different aspects of geographical phenomena, from physical features to the relationships between humans and their environment, ultimately offering a holistic perspective on Earth’s complexities.

What Are the 5 Basic Geography?

The five basic themes of geography provide a framework for understanding and analyzing the Earths physical and human patterns. The first theme, location, focuses on the position of a place on the Earths surface. It includes both absolute and relative location. Absolute location refers to the exact coordinates of a place, such as latitude and longitude, while relative location describes the relationship of a place to other surrounding features.

The second theme, place, examines the unique characteristics and attributes of a specific location. This includes physical aspects like landforms, climate, and vegetation, as well as cultural and human features like language, religion, and architecture. By studying the characteristics of each place, geographers can understand the relationships between people and their environment.

Regions are the third theme of geography and refer to areas that share similar characteristics or features. Regions can be based on physical or cultural criteria, such as climate regions or political regions. Geographers study regions to understand the spatial patterns and interactions that occur within them.

The fourth theme, movement, focuses on the movement of people, goods, and ideas across the Earths surface. Geographers analyze the patterns and processes of migration, transportation, trade, and communication to understand how and why movement occurs. This theme also examines the impact of movement on different places and regions.

Lastly, the fifth theme of geography is human-environment interaction, which explores the ways in which humans shape and are shaped by their environment. This includes the study of human impacts on the natural world, such as deforestation or pollution, as well as the ways in which humans adapt to and modify their environment, such as building cities or irrigating farmland. Geographers use this theme to understand the complex relationship between humans and the Earths physical systems.

By examining the interplay between location, place, region, movement, and human-environment interaction, geographers can gain insights into the intricate dynamics that shape our planet.

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Human geography encompasses a diverse range of concepts that help us understand the relationships between society and space. The three fundamental ideas that underpin human geography are society, space, and social science. These concepts explore how human activities and interactions shape the physical and cultural landscapes, highlighting the intricate connections between individuals, communities, and their environments. By examining these dimensions, human geography delves into the complexities of human societies, revealing patterns and processes that contribute to the understanding and explanation of our world.

What Are the Three Concepts of Human Geography?

Human geography, an important branch of geography, explores the relationship between society and space by employing the tools and methods of social science. This interdisciplinary field delves into the complexities of human societies, addresses spatial patterns and processes, and examines the social, cultural, economic, and political interactions that shape our world.

The second concept is space, which refers to the physical and conceptual dimensions in which human activities occur. Human geographers analyze how societies utilize space, create spatial patterns, and shape the environment through their actions. They investigate the organization of cities and urban areas, the distribution of resources and services, and the ways in which people interact with their surrounding landscapes.

Human geography encompasses a vast array of topics that explore the intricate relationship between humans and their physical environment. Among the numerous branches of human geography, three main topics stand out: economic geography, urban geography, and agricultural geography. Each field delves into specific aspects of human activity, shedding light on how individuals and societies interact with and transform their surroundings. Economic geography examines the complexities of global economic systems, while urban geography focuses on the development and dynamics of cities. Lastly, agricultural geography explores the practices and spatial distribution of agricultural production. Together, these three areas offer valuable insights into the human-environmental bond.

What Are the 3 Main Topics of Human Geography?

Human geography is a multifaceted discipline that encompasses various topics and subfields. Among the many areas of study within human geography, three main topics stand out: economic geography, urban geography, and agricultural geography.

Economic geography focuses on the spatial distribution and organization of economic activities, exploring how economic systems and processes shape and are influenced by social, political, and environmental factors. It examines patterns of trade, production, and consumption, as well as the flow of goods, services, and capital across national and regional boundaries. Economic geography also looks at the impact of globalization on local economies, examining issues such as international trade, foreign direct investment, and multinational corporations.

Urban geography, on the other hand, investigates the spatial dynamics and characteristics of cities and urban areas. It explores the social, economic, and physical aspects of urbanization, including the development of urban spaces, land use patterns, urban planning, and the influence of urban systems on human behavior and social inequalities. Urban geographers also study phenomena like urbanization processes, urban growth, gentrification, urban sprawl, and the challenges cities face in terms of infrastructure, housing, and sustainability.

Agricultural geography focuses on the spatial organization and dynamics of agricultural systems, examining the relationships between humans and the environment through agricultural practices and food production. It explores agricultural landscapes, patterns of land use, and the spatial distribution of crops, livestock, and agricultural technologies. Agricultural geographers also study issues such as food security, rural development, agricultural sustainability, and the impacts of climate change on agricultural systems.

Cultural Geography: This Topic Focuses on the Spatial Distribution of Cultural Traits, Norms, and Practices, Including Language, Religion, Ethnicity, and Customs. It Examines How Culture Shapes Human Behavior and Social Structures, as Well as How Culture Interacts With the Environment.

Cultural geography is a field of study that explores how different aspects of culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, and customs, are spread out across different areas. It also looks at how culture influences the way people behave and form social systems, and it examines the ways in which culture interacts with the natural environment.


By exploring the intricate relationship between humans and their environment, these questions allow for the analysis of physical, social, and cultural factors that shape our planet. Through rigorous analysis and critical thinking, students can contribute to the collective understanding of our ever-evolving world, ultimately driving us towards sustainable and inclusive solutions for a more prosperous future.

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